Cannabis, CBD, and Delta-8-THC Q & A
CBD (Cannabidiol) is one of the many cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids are also found in many other plants. CBD interacts with our body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). CBD is a non-psychoactive compound used for the management of many ailments including anxiety, stress, insomnia, pain management, and inflammation – to name a few. People around the globe are finding new effective uses for CBD every day. CBD is typically extracted from CBD rich hemp (cannabis sativa with less than 0.3% THC) to be included in a wide range of products from sublingual oils, tinctures, topicals, edibles and pet treats. CBD-rich smokable hemp flower and vape products are also popular methods of delivery.
The ECS (Endocannabinoid System) is a system that naturally exists within our body. “Endo”, from “endogenous” (meaning it is naturally occurring within the human body); and “cannabinoid”, referring to cannabis-like substances. The ECS has three component parts – (1) endocannabinoids (substances that interact with endocannabinoid receptors), (2) receptors throughout our bodies and (3) enzymes that help process the cannabinoids and endocannabinoids. Our bodies naturally produce compounds, endocannabinoids, to interact with this system. Cannabinoids (found in cannabis and other plants) also make use of this system. The endocannabinoid system is part of our body’s functionality in charge of maintaining homeostasis. CB1 (help to regulate appetite, memory and pain) and CB2 (help to reduce inflammation) receptors are found throughout the body, including in our brain, digestive, and central nervous system.
Delta-9-THC (Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol) is one of the 100+ cannabinoids found in cannabis plant. It interacts with our body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) and produces the characteristic “high” most often associated with consuming cannabis. Delta-9-THC interacts with our endocannabinoid system (ECS) by releasing dopamine into the brain. Delta-9-THC’s psychoactive properties can cause feelings of relaxation, euphoria, and can improve the enjoyment of social activities. Delta-9-THC is also used for pain management, nausea, and appetite stimulation.
Delta-8-THC is one of the 100+ cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Like other cannabinoids, it interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system – specifically the CB1 receptor of the nervous system – to produce a psychotropic effect. Delta-8-THC interacts with the nervous system similarly to Delta-9-THC to produce feelings of euphoria and uplifted mood as well as feelings of calmness and relaxation. Delta-8-THC also has antiemetic (anti-nausea), anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), orexigenic (appetite stimulant), analgesic (pain relieving), and neuroprotective properties.
Terpenes are a large and varying type of organic compound that occurs naturally in many plants (usually conifers) and a few select insects. Scientists suspect that the strong odor produced by terpenes may have an effect on plant eating beings and the predators that prey on them. Thereby protecting the plant from those dangers. Increasingly, science is discovering how terpenes help to promote homeostasis within the body and boost the benefits of CBD.
Possibly. CBD isolate products do not contain any Delta-9-THC, as is the case with many broad spectrum CBD products. However, full spectrum CBD products can legally contain up to 0.3% Delta-9-THC. Delta-8-THC products may or may not contain Delta-9-THC.
Some laboratory tests are designed to detect the presence of THC at any level, and may not discern between the type of THC (Delta-8-THC vs. Delta-9-THC vs. Delta-10-THC, and so on).
So, the possibility of testing positive for THC remains when consuming any cannabis-based products.
Yes. It’s federally legal in all 50 states with the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill.
Yes. While state and local legislators are struggling with the framework for this new market, it remains federally legal with the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill.