CBD vs. Delta 8 vs. Delta 9 vs. Delta 10: Effects and Benefits

Cannabidiol (CBD), Delta 8, Delta 9, and Delta 10 are all naturally occurring cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. All of them bond with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system to induce euphoric and therapeutic effects. They all have an affinity to bond to these receptors. However, depending on which receptor they bond with and how well they bond dictates the effects that are felt by consumers. The effects can differ from cannabinoid to cannabinoid, but they all have very similar benefits.


Cannabidiol CBD
Cannabidiol (CBD) Improves Sleep

Since its discovery in 1940, CBD has become one of the most well-known cannabinoids next to THC. It also accounts for up to 40% of cannabis plant extract. Due to its abundance, CBD is one of the most researched cannabinoids. There have been no reports of intoxication, or euphoria, after smoking or eating CBD, but many consumers have reported relief from anxiety, pain, and inflammation. CBD is most commonly consumed as an extract, oil, or capsule. It is also available as a smokable flower and found in many carts and vape disposables.

Effects of CBD

CBD has an affinity to bond with the CB2 receptors much better than the CB1 receptors in the endocannabinoid system. As a result, there are no psychoactive, or euphoric, properties. It is for this reason that many people consume CBD. They can enjoy all the therapeutic benefits without any kind of fogginess, lethargy, or intense anxiety that might be brought on by THC.

Benefits of CBD

Several studies have been conducted on CBD over the last few decades. With such promising results, studies continue today.

Epilepsy: The FDA has approved the use of Epidiolex (cannabidiol) to treat seizures resulting from Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome.

Pain Relief: A 2020 study found that topical CBD administered to patients with symptomatic peripheral neuropathy significantly reduced pain and itchy sensations compared to those who used a placebo.

Anti-inflammation: Multiple recent studies have indicated that CBD used as a topical can help with inflammation of joints and muscles.

Deeper Sleep: Preliminary studies and anecdotal evidence suggest that CBD can help people fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer.

Delta 8

Delta 8 is an isomer of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and a psychoactive compound that creates a euphoric or intoxicating effect when consumed. Many people compare the effects of Delta 8 to the effects of Delta 9 and Delta 10. Most report that Delta 8 is less intense than Delta 9 and Delta 10. The effects are described as a mellow clear-headed euphoria that boosts energy and creativity. Only trace amounts of Delta 8 naturally occur in the cannabis plant. As a result, Delta 8 found in Delta 8 carts and gummies is synthesized using CBD flower.

Effects of Delta 8

Cannabis consumers say they feel an uplifting and energizing euphoria. They don’t feel foggy, like with Delta 9, and can focus on a project or large task until the end. There is still a strong psychoactive feeling, but many say it is not as intense as other cannabinoids. Delta 8 is reported to be about as half as strong as Delta 9 and Delta 10.

Benefits of Delta 8

Studies on Delta 8 are limited, but due to the increased interest more and more are being conducted every year.

Anti-inflammation: Delta 8 had a direct effect on reducing corneal inflammation and pain according to one study.

Anti-anxiety: In a survey, half of the respondents reported using Delta 8 for medical reasons. Of that group 69% used it to prevent anxiety or panic attacks, 52% were combating stress, and 46% were working through depression or bipolar disorder.

Anti-nausea: Delta 8 was administered to a group of cancer patients after treatments. It prevented all nausea with minimal side effects.

Delta 9

People smoking Delta 9 THC
THCa is Converted into Delta 9 When Smoked

Most people associate the effects of cannabis with Delta 9. Of the more than one hundred cannabinoids identified, it is the primary active cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. Like Delta 8 and Delta 10, it interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system and binds to the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Delta 9 has intense psychoactive effects because it bonds much more efficiently to the CB1 receptors than other cannabinoids. Most people enjoy consuming Delta 9 in drinks, edibles, and gummies.

Effects of Delta 9

Many cannabis consumers report strong cerebral psychoactivity followed by extreme relaxation. The intense feeling created by Delta 9 is used as the benchmark for a satisfying experience by many people. These effects can take thirty minutes to an hour to set in and may last up to four hours.

Benefits of Delta 9

Delta 9 has been studied extensively over the last several decades. Several positive medical benefits have been identified.

Anti-anxiety: According to multiple studies, Delta 9 can uplift someone’s mood while helping to reduce stress.

Anti-nausea: Delta 9 has shown strong anti-nausea properties across multiple studies.

Pain Relief: Many consumers report using Delta 9 to relieve chronic pain. Several studies back up this anecdotal evidence.

Deeper Sleep: People have been using Delta 9 to improve sleep for years. Recent studies have shown what consumers already knew.

Delta 10

Delta 10 THC has psychoactive properties that have been described as relaxing and mildly cerebral. Delta 10 binds to the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system, like Delta 9, but it does not bind as well as other cannabinoids. Most enthusiasts agree the effects of Delta 10 are stronger than Delta 8, but not as intense as Delta 9. Delta 10 naturally occurs in trace amounts. As a result, entrepreneurs synthesize Delta 10 using high-quality CBD flower to make Delta 10 gummies and Delta 10 carts.

Effects of Delta 10

Consumers enjoy Delta 10 for the mild euphoria. It uplifts and energizes while improving focus and creativity. The psychoactive effects are said to be less intense than Delta 9. This cannabinoid is garnering a lot of attention as a stronger alternative to Delta 8 and a milder version of Delta 9.

Benefits of Delta 10

Research specific to Delta 10 is minimal. However, many researchers feel that because Delta 10 is an isomer of THC, it shares the same therapeutic benefits.

Anti-anxiety: Studies have shown that cannabinoids, similar to Delta 10, can uplift someone’s mood and reduce stress.

Pain Relief: Delta 10 is used by many for chronic pain relief. There are also several studies to back up this anecdotal evidence.

Improved Sleep: Consumers have been enjoying better sleep for years after consuming Delta 9. Many use Delta 10 for the same reason.

Anti-inflammatory: Studies have been conducted specifically on Delta 10, proving it is effective against inflammation.

Are CBD, Delta 8, Delta 9, and Delta 10 Legal?

According to the provisions outlined by the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD, Delta 8, and Delta 10 are federally legal. Delta 9 is federally legal as long as the finished product contains less than .03% Delta 9 THC on a dry weight basis. On a state level, many have banned certain cannabinoids while others have banned all cannabinoids. It is a good idea to check with local and state laws to make sure these cannabinoids can be legally purchased.

What are the Differences Between CBD, Delta 8, Delta 9, and Delta 10?

CBD, Delta 8, Delta 9, and Delta 10 all share very similar therapeutic properties. Studies have shown they can support better sleep, pain relief, and anti-inflammation. The big difference is the intensity of psychoactivity each one contains. CBD does not have any euphoric effects at all. There is no “high” sensation felt after eating or smoking CBD. Delta 8, Delta 9, and Delta 10 all produce a euphoric effect, though it is in varying degrees. Delta 8 produces a mild effect that is not as strong as Delta 9 or Delta 10. The strongest euphoric effect comes from Delta 9. The effects of Delta 10 are a little less than Delta 9, but stronger than Delta 8.

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